Este es un foro dedicado a las Fuerzas Armadas Mexicanas así como de los diferentes Cuerpos de Policía y demás entes que se dedican a la Seguridad interna de México.


Prison gangs enforce brutal reign (Brownsville Herald TX)

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civilbatalion
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Prison gangs enforce brutal reign (Brownsville Herald TX)

Mensaje por civilbatalion el 18/12/2011, 10:40 pm

Les recomiendo mucho este artículo, una idea de lo que pasa en Texas y desde cuando... dedicada con especial énfasis a los ciudadanos pensantes. Imaginen si eso pasaba en Texas que tenían "LEY" que no sucedía en el lado mexicano.

Desde el 2003 los cárteles de la droga reclutaban personas en las cárceles.. sabía de reclutados afuera de las cárceles pero en fechas más recientes, el 2003. lleva la cronología más atrás.. va saliendo la madeja poco a poco.

Que lástima que Texas esté mencionando esta información ahora que se ven en el apuro. pero bueno nos sirve a los mexicanos para conocer el contexto, y en especial a los que no son de Tamaulipas.


Prison gangs enforce brutal reign
December 18, 2011 9:47 PM

Sentenced to several years in state prison for a drug conviction, Graciano Castañeda instinctively knew he needed to belong to a group to survive the prison system, which he described as a dangerous society for those that enter alone.

Castañeda, who spent eight year in prison in the 1990s for two drug convictions, had an older brother in the Mexican Mafia, a notorious prison gang.

Later in his life, he would lose the mother of his children to the Mexican Mafia. A high-ranking member of the gang ordered her murder.

After his first drug conviction, his brother warned him to stay away from the prison gangs, known for drug trafficking and holding a rigid and brutal reign inside the system. But Castañeda knew the gang leaders preyed on inmates who were not already part of a group.

"Basically when someone goes to prison, they test you out to see whether you are alone or with somebody," he said. "If you’re alone, the prison gangs try to befriend you, and get you to come with them."

So the Harlingen man banded with a group of inmates also from the Rio Grande Valley. They protected each other, and warded off threats from the gangs, whose leaders forced prospective entrants to beat other inmates and smuggle contraband to prove themselves.

"We thought about survival all the time," he said. "Prison is a different world."

Joining a prison gang is joining for life

Non-violent felons may enter the prison system on relatively minor offenses, such as theft or forgery. They face a maximum of three years in prison. They are not brutal, life-long criminals.

What they encounter in the state and federal prisons, though, changes them.

Ramon Vela , a former captain with the Harlingen Police Department, sees it all the time.

Prison gangs such as the Mexican Mafia and Texas Syndicate have a strong pull inside Texas state prisons and out on the streets, Vela said. They employ coercive tactics to recruit felons inside the prisons.

"People go into prison, and they get intimidated, assaulted, there are mind games," Vela said.

The prison gangs are exceptionally organized and structured with an army-like hierarchy, he said. They recruit heavily, using force. Often, felons don’t have a choice about joining the gang.

Sometimes, they recruit with promises of protection and money.

"By the time they leave prison, they turn into a lifetime prison gang member and violent offender," Vela said.

For an inmate that was inducted into a prison gang during time served, his first duty is to report to a gang leader on the outside, Vela said.

"You belong to the gang 100 percent," he said. "Your family, your job, everything comes second."


At the Harlingen Police Department, Vela worked with the Investigations Unit and Gang Intelligence. He has since retired, and is a pastor at Breathe Life Christian Church in Harlingen, often counseling prisoners and former gang members.

Along with the Texas Syndicate and Mexican Mafia, the Valluco gang has a stronghold in the Rio Grande Valley, Vela said.

Throughout the state, close to 20 prison gangs have members populating the cells, and that doesn’t include numerous street gangs with members in the prison system, Sgt. Sandra Tapia of the Edinburg Police Department said.

Isolating prison gang members

This presents a problem for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.

Prison officials are faced with the task of isolating known gang members from the general population, in an attempt to stop the rapid recruitment of members and other criminal activity orchestrated from the inside.

Law enforcement keeps databases of known gang members and identifying markers, such as tattoos. When a new inmate is booked, officials look for signs of gang membership, and isolate known members.

"It’s a process we have to go through to avoid conflicts inside the prison, fights, riots," she said.

Vela said the process is a difficult one. Confirmed gang members already in the database are put in solitary confinement, he said, but authorities need more to go on than a tattoo.

"They need evidence such as a voluntary emission," he said.

But many gang members, particularly members without rank, slip through into the general population and gang leaders who have been isolated find cracks in the system.

The gangs operate illegal activities such as drug smuggling and human trafficking from inside the cells. They are responsible for murders throughout the state, Tapia said.

"They find ways to communicate," she said.

A high-ranking member of a prison gang on the inside can give orders via a friend or family member that visits, letters or phone calls. Even inmates that have limited communication privileges find ways to get word out, she said.


Tapia said she once heard of a case where inmates managed to smuggle cellphones into the jail.

Finding and convicting the leaders

After the 2003 disappearance of a 33-year-old Harlingen mother — the mother of Castaneda’s two daughters — Texas Ranger Lt. Victor Escalon assisted Harlingen police with the investigation.
2003, en EUA... en dónde estaba FCH?...

Early on, investigators received information the disappearance and eventual murder of Jo Ann Chavez had ties with the Mexican Mafia, Escalon said.

Proving it took more than a decade.
Una decada, Dios imaginen lo que tardaría esto en México

Last month, a Cameron County jury convicted Wilfredo Padilla, a high-ranking member of the prison gang, of murder after an investigation and trial that lasted years.

The case is an example of the difficulties of finding and trying gang leaders.

"It was a long investigation," Escalon said. "It led me throughout the state of Texas and certain parts of the U.S."

Police traced the Mexican Mafia drug trafficking business from Mexico, to the Rio Grande Valley, up through Texas and eventually to northern states such as Ohio and Michigan.

Perhaps the biggest challenge in dealing with gang-related murders, Escalon said, was locating witnesses who would talk. Prison gang code forbids cooperation with law enforcement.

"People are truly hesitant to get involved and put themselves in a position of risk," he said.

Eventually, members of the Mexican Mafia cooperated with the investigation and implicated Padilla as the man who gave the order for the murder.

Prosecutors said after the jury handed down a 50-year sentence for the murder that the case was almost impossible to prosecute because Padilla was insulated by the fact that he didn’t commit the murder. He wasn’t present at the scene of the crime.

Although Padilla, a captain in the Mexican Mafia, is off the streets, Vela said he will likely retain his rank and title in prison.

"He’ll still be a heavyweight in the prison," Vela said. "He still has a say-so on what happens outside and inside the prison."

Counseling in the prisons and on the streets

Castañeda managed to avoid joining a prison gang during his time served, but on the outside, he again got involved with drugs, often doing business with the Mexican Mafia.


Drug smuggling landed him in prison a second time, but it wasn’t until Chavez’s body was discovered in 2005, and a beating shortly after, allegedly by Mexican Mafia members, nearly killed him and put him in a wheelchair for months.


Doctors told him his heart stopped five times while they tried to save him.

"As soon as they said that to me, I made the decision to change my life around. I never went back," he said.

Now, Castañeda is a minister. He received an associate’s degree in business. The man counsels inmates and works with teenagers on the streets.

"I try to reach a couple of those kids to keep their mindset away from gangs, and put their minds back to being prosperous in life and helping somebody else," he said.

Imaginen si esto lo hicieran personas como los de Movimiento por la PAZ, este señor tiene la convicción y no esperó a que el gobierno hiciera algo.

Este es un verdadero héroe, es un verdadero activista, el que toma acción y no solo crítica.


http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/news/prison-135025-enforce-state.html

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Re: Prison gangs enforce brutal reign (Brownsville Herald TX)

Mensaje por civilbatalion el 18/12/2011, 11:05 pm

Y el crimen organizado sigue robando coches en Matamoros. pero ahora también tocan a los americanos.

ESO es un cambio rotundo y abismal. Sniper, tiene conocimiento de coches con placas americanas robados previo a este mes?... me suena a que no pasaba. Inclusive personas del otro lado de la frontera decían sentirse seguros si pasaban en coche americano por que no les hacían nada.

Solo a la activista religiosa que falleció cuando su esposo se pasó el retén de sicarios... pero creo los casos habían sido los menos.



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The U.S. Consulate in Matamoros has issued a warning about a rash of carjackings that have occurred this month in the neighborhoods north of the city.

The suspects seem to be targeting U.S. citizens, the warning states.

Two armed men have been approaching people with U.S. license plates and driving away with the vehicles, the consulate reported.

At least five U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents have reported a carjacking in Matamoros earlier this month, according to the warning.

The men are described as in their early 20s, each approximately 150 pounds and driving either a green Chevrolet Cavalier, a green Chevrolet Tahoe or a black Ford Escort.

The Herald reported earlier this week that a 23-year-old woman told Brownsville police she was carjacked in Matamoros. Two armed men asked her if she was American, ordered her out of the vehicle and then stole the car and her purse, a police report said.

The consulate advised people to travel in pairs whenever possible, keep emergency medical supplies in the car and to scan the mirrors in the car when driving.

http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/news/driving-134971-car-reported.html

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Re: Prison gangs enforce brutal reign (Brownsville Herald TX)

Mensaje por Albert_B el 19/12/2011, 1:00 am

El sistema americano de prisiones esta tan corporadizado que no se intenta readaptar, sino mantener al prisionero consumiendo a costa del estado para pagar concesiciones a privados.

Es lo que esta pudriendo a los EE.UU. los servicios mas básicos de la sociedad insustituíbles en ética y beneficio han caído en manos del corporativismo salvaje, en donde el humano es sólo una producto, servicio, cliente o herramienta.


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