Este es un foro dedicado a las Fuerzas Armadas Mexicanas así como de los diferentes Cuerpos de Policía y demás entes que se dedican a la Seguridad interna de México.


China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

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Rogersukoi27
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China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por Rogersukoi27 el 24/1/2014, 6:29 pm


A partir del 1 de Enero, el país de China, ha establecido una zona exclusiva económica
de pesca, para buques extranjeros.  
  Esta zona, sobrepasa los limites de la extensión natural de la zona económica exclusiva
de Vietnam, Filipinas, Indonesia y Taiwan.
  Los buques extranjeros (incluyendo los de estos paises listados) deberán registrarse y
pedir permiso al gobierno Chino para que puedan realizar actividades de pesca en esa zona..
  Los países involucrados, no coinciden con esta unilateral decisión, mas no están ciertos
hasta donde estan dispuestos a llevar esta disposición.
























[size=24]U.S.-China Relations and the Western Pacific[/size]

Maritime assertiveness in 2013 appears to have dashed hopes for a “new kind of great power relations.”

By Denny Roy
January 16, 2014
 

326408 Shares55 comments

The middle of 2013 brought the possibility of a reset in U.S.-China relations, as new Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke of his desire for a “new kind of great power relations” as he enjoyed relaxed, heart-to-heart talks with U.S. President Barack Obama at a California resort. The year ended, however, with further evidence that strategic friction between Beijing and Washington is serious and long-term. The Chinese declaration of an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea, a new demand that foreigners get China’s permission before fishing in the South China Sea, and the incident involving the U.S. Navy cruiser Cowpens and a Chinese naval vessel reinforced the suspicion that despite explicit denials, Beijing intends to impose a sphere of influence over the seas off the Chinese coast.
That intention is not surprising; it is typical behavior for a great power, and China sees itself as a rising great power in a region where the long-dominant power, the United States, is declining. Furthermore, China is a returning great power that for centuries dominated or attempted to dominate its periphery. This sets expectations and provides a familiar pattern for modern-day Chinese, who view the Sinocentric tributary system of the past as a confirmation that China’s destiny is to lead the region in the future.
Neither, however, is China’s apparent intention a cause for celebration for most of the region. Most Chinese have a sanitized view of China’s historical leadership in the region: that China exercised influence through cultural, scientific and economic prowess rather than through coercion or expansionism. Neighboring states – like Vietnam, forcibly occupied for a thousand years by the Chinese – often have a different, darker view of historical Chinese pre-eminence.
The promise that China will never seek hegemony or a sphere of influence has become a mantra of PRC leaders and diplomats. Hegemony means domination: a strong country forcing weaker countries to do what is in the strong country’s interest, as the Chinese often accused the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. of doing during the Cold War. A sphere of influence means a strong country has exclusive supervisory and veto power over international affairs in the areas near its borders.
China’s declaration of an ADIZ in the airspace near its territory followed precedents set by many other countries, including the U.S., Japan and South Korea. Thus it could be seen as China trying to keep up with the Japanese. But the ADIZ also reinforces China’s claim to some level of ownership over the East China Sea, as the ADIZ roughly encompasses the area of sea that China demarcates as its exclusive economic zone, a claim that cuts deeply into the half of the East China Sea bordered by Japanese territory. It is unfortunate that China chose to announce its ADIZ at a time of high tensions with Japan caused by the ongoing standoff over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands. China’s act might have created a permanent new source of regional conflict. As the U.S. immediately signaled by flying two B-52 bombers into the zone without China’s approval, foreign governments predictably feel compelled to demonstrate non-compliance by violating the ban, which in turn humiliates Beijing and creates pressure for the Chinese to retaliate.
Effective January 1, Beijing is demanding that foreign vessels obtain prior permission from the Chinese government before fishing in the South China Sea. A PRC Foreign Ministry spokesperson said on January 9 that the purpose of the new regulation is “to strengthen the operation, development and rational utilization of fishery resources to protect fishery workers.” It sounds like another effort by Beijing to demonstrate administration and control as a basis for claiming ownership of disputed territory. As with the ADIZ, how strictly the Chinese attempt to enforce this unilateral law remains to be seen, but the PRC already has plans to greatly step up patrols of the South China Sea over the next few years.
In November, the Cowpens was observing China’s Liaoning aircraft carrier battle group while in international waters. According to a Chinese media report, the Cowpens was 30 miles away from the Liaoning. The Chinese position is that the presence of the U.S. vessel violated a prior Chinese government declaration that foreign ships were not allowed in the sector where the Liaoning group was exercising. As was well reported, the Chinese responded with the familiar tactic of intentionally placing one of their ships on a collision course with the U.S. ship. This was disturbing beyond the immediate issue of the Chinese using dangerous seamanship to make a political point.
Beijing and Washington have a long-standing disagreement over the surveillance of China by U.S. aircraft and ships outside China’s territorial waters and airspace, which ends 12 nautical miles off the Chinese coast. China opposes such surveillance even though it is allowed by the International Law of the Sea Treaty, of which China is a signatory. This dispute led to the aerial collision near Hainan Island in 2001 that resulted in a Chinese fighter pilot losing his life and China holding a U.S. aircrew hostage for 10 days while the two governments negotiated a U.S. apology. The dispute resurfaced with the media reports of Chinese ships harassing the U.S. Navy’s surveillance ships Victorious and Impeccable in 2009. During the May 2013 Shangri-La international defense dialogue, a PLA officer revealed that Chinese ships had recently surveilled U.S. Navy vessels near the American coast, raising hopes that the Chinese had accepted the American view that both sides should tolerate surveillance as a normal part of great-power relations. With the Cowpens incident, the Chinese position seems to have retrogressed, opening the possibility of continued incidents at sea as well as in the air.


http://thediplomat.com/2014/01/us-china-relations-and-the-western-pacific/
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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por civilbatalion el 24/1/2014, 6:34 pm

Eso está buen fuerte, se metieron hasta la cocina de los demás, países, si no hacen pronto un posicionamiento adecuado, habrán dado el primer paso para que China los domine, aunque por lo visto ya no les queda muchas opciones.

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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por Rogersukoi27 el 24/1/2014, 6:39 pm

La parte que se alcanza a leer, es la forma como los Chinos están mandando señales al mundo, dado que las reglas de transito, determinación de las zonas económicas exclusivas sobre los litorales, y la aplicación internacional cuando se empalman estas, se establecieron desde el final de la 2 guerra mundial, y están documentadas en leyes internacionales de derecho de transito marítimo y leyes derivadas.
  Pareciera que China quiere establecer sus propias reglas , ahora que se siente más fuerte navalmente.  Los países que suscriben estas leyes, tendrán que ponerle un "hasta aqui" a los
Chinos, o no los van a parar más tarde.
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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por Rogersukoi27 el 24/1/2014, 7:24 pm

La respuesta de sus vecinos, no se ha dejado esperar. el País de Filipinas, se encuentra
en una negociación para adquirir 2 fragatas nuevas, con suficientes dientes para poner
orden en sus aguas territoriales. La construccion de 2 Fragatas nuevas ha sido cotizada
por 4 Astilleros a saber: Navantia Sepi  de España  , STX Offshore & Shipbuilding , Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. and Hyundai Heavy Industries, Inc de Corea del Sur.
 Filipinas, no ha salido aún del desastre sufrido por el Tifón del año pasado, y
ahora enfrenta la amenaza de verse copado por la Fuerza Naval China imponiendole
condiciones frente a sus litorales y reservas maritimas.



US: China's Fishing Restrictions 'Provocative and Potentially Dangerous' 
The United States says Chinese moves to restrict fishing in contested waters of the 
South China Sea are a 'potentially dangerous' escalation in the maritime dispute. 
Chinese authorities say the rules are well within their sovereign rights. China's 
Hainan province is now demanding that all foreign fishing vessels ask permission to 
enter more than half of the 3.5-million-square-kilometer South China Sea, where 
China is facing rival territorial claims by Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and 
Brunei. US State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki says the new restrictions run 
counter to efforts to resolve the disputes multilaterally. 'The passing of these 
restrictions on other countries' fishing activities in disputed portions of the South 
China Sea is a provocative and potentially dangerous act,' said Psaki. Chinese 
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying says there is nothing unusual about 
the new restrictions. 'As a maritime nation it is normal and routine for China to make 
rules to regulate the conservation and management of maritime biological 
resources,' said Chunying. But Psaki says those regulations are without foundation. 
'China has not offered any explanation or basis under international law for these 
extensive maritime claims,' she said. She says US diplomats in Beijing have raised 
their objections with Chinese authorities as the restrictions may lead to confrontation 
in disputed waters. Vietnamese fishermen say they will ignore the new regulations. 
Vo Van Trac, vice chairman of the Vietnamese Association of Fishery, told VOA's 
Vietnamese service that they will not be kept out of waters claimed by Hanoi. 'The 
new rules will obviously have an impact on Vietnamese fishermen, who will keep 
fishing in areas of the South China Sea that are within Vietnamese sovereignty,' he 
said. The United States and Indonesia have been working with Vietnam, the 
Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei to resolve South China Sea disputes through the 
regional ASEAN alliance. But China has continued to move unilaterally on the issue, 
despite promises to open talks on a code of conduct for those waters. The new 
fishing restrictions come at a time when many US allies in the region are questioning 
Washington's commitment to its so-called 'Asia Pivot' of US commercial, diplomatic, 
and military resources to the Asia Pacific. 'The US should have been the one country 
who could have stepped in and said let's come to the table and figure this out. We've 
done nothing about that,' said Michael Auslin, a resident scholar at the American 
Enterprise Institute. 'So again I think that's why there are many in Washington and in 
the region that are sceptical about the Obama administration's real commitment to 
rebalancing to Asia.' The fishing rules follow China's announcement last year of a 
new Air Defence Identification Zone over disputed waters in the East China Sea. 
That zone has also drawn criticism from the United States as well as from Japan and 
South Korea. 
Source: Global Security, 9 January
http://maritimeindia.org/MW_1.1_January_2014.pdf
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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por Motul Ajaw el 24/1/2014, 7:25 pm

Pues no creo que se queden con los barzos cruzados.
Hay que recordar que Vietnam compró varios submarinos a los rusos y también si no mal recuerdo unas corbetas o fragatas, presisamente para hacer frente a la presión china. Filipinas también estaba elevando sus gastos militares, sumandole la alianza con EU. Ni se diga de Taiwan que es una piedra en el zapato de los chinos. La zona esta candente
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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por Rogersukoi27 el 2/6/2014, 6:13 pm

En esta pagina, muestra la confrontación del buque Vietnamita chocando su
buque guardacosta con el buque de la Flota China que buscaba proteger
la zona maritima de la Plataforma petrolera instalada en dicha zona cercana
al litoral vietnamita.
 No se ven muy calmadas las posiciones ante este evento!!!!


http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2014/05/21/a-hole-in-the-u-s-approach-to-beijing-on-south-china-sea/



http://live.wsj.com/video/chinese-ship-rams-vietnamese-ship-in-disputed-waters/44EEA719-44AA-462F-AC6B-BA897BE9008A.html


Última edición por ·¦·Füµ®€R·¦· el 2/6/2014, 6:58 pm, editado 1 vez (Razón : Inserción de vídeo.)
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·¦·Füµ®€R·¦·
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Re: China establece nueva zona exclusiva de pesca en Mar Sur de China; países vecinos afectados están sorprendidos

Mensaje por ·¦·Füµ®€R·¦· el 2/6/2014, 6:59 pm

Si por lo visto eso se esta poniendo muy radical.


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