Este es un foro dedicado a las Fuerzas Armadas Mexicanas así como de los diferentes Cuerpos de Policía y demás entes que se dedican a la Seguridad interna de México.


Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

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Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Enemigo Público el 7/12/2012, 12:31 am

Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear, como le pide la ONU

Tel Aviv rechaza la propuesta formulada por la ONU para que se adhiera al Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear

Publicado: 5 dic 2012 | 2:48 GMT Última actualización: 5 dic 2012 | 5:01 GMT




Israel ha rechazado un llamamiento de la ONU para adherirse al Tratado de No Proliferación Nuclear (NPT) y abrir sus instalaciones a los inspectores internacionales, calificando la sugerencia de "voto sin sentido y mecánico" del organismo que "perdió toda su credibilidad con respecto a Israel".

Con 174 votos a favor, 6 en contra y 6 abstenciones, la Asamblea General de la ONU ha exhortado a Tel Aviv a unirse al NPT "sin más demora", en un esfuerzo por crear un Oriente Medio jurídicamente vinculante libre de armas nucleares.

El organismo de la ONU "ha perdido toda su credibilidad con respecto a Israel con este tipo de votos de rutina que se aprueban por una mayoría automática y que señalan a Israel", dijo el vocero de la cancillería israelí, Yigal Palmor, citado por 'The Jerusalem Post'.

“Realmente es impresionante la actitud de Israel. Es el único país que no ha firmado el Tratado de No Proliferación pero, al mismo tiempo, critica a otros países por sus supuestos programas nucleares. Creo que cada vez más el mundo entero está viendo y está aislando a Israel y está poniendo a EE.UU. en una posición muy difícil, la de seguir protegiendo y defendiendo a Israel bajo esta situación tan claramente de hipocresía”, comentó a RT el escritor Raúl Hinojosa.

El llamamiento de la Asamblea a Israel se produce días después de que una gran mayoría de sus miembros votara a favor de conceder a la Autonomía Palestina el estatus de Estado observador no miembro en el organismo internacional, y pocas semanas después de la espiral de violencia entre los habitantes de Gaza y las fuerzas israelíes.

Palmor, sin embargo, destacó que como la votación sobre el NPT se celebra cada año, la victoria palestina no tiene nada que ver con esta posición.


Texto completo en: http://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/view/80245-israel-se-niega-pasar-aro-transparencia-nuclear-le-pide-onu
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Re: Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Von Leunam el 7/12/2012, 12:46 am

La verdadera amenaza nuclear en medio oriente es el Estado Judío.
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Re: Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Enemigo Público el 7/12/2012, 2:20 am

Von Leunam escribió:La verdadera amenaza nuclear en medio oriente es el Estado Judío.
La verdad si es una postura bastante hipócrita por parte de Israel, que defiende su derecho a poseer un programa nuclear con fines bélicos y se niega a firmar el Pacto de No Proliferación nuclear, al tiempo que exige a otros países cesar sus desarrollos e investigaciones en el area de Ciencias Nucleares, a los cuales incluso ataca militarmente, sin tener prueba alguna de que sus intenciones no sean pacíficas.

Eso es doble moral y atenta contra el espíritu de paz entre las naciones.

No se puede exigir respeto si no se respeta y se cumple con los lineamientos internacionales.
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Re: Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Enemigo Público el 7/12/2012, 3:26 am

También puse este video en otro tema, pero lo vuelvo a poner en este espacio puesto que el contenido del mismo aplica aquí también:

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Takeda
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Re: Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Takeda el 22/9/2016, 9:14 am

Irán advierte: Programa nuclear de Israel amenaza la paz mundial


Un alto funcionario iraní aseguró que el programa nuclear del régimen de Israel es una amenaza real para la seguridad y la paz internacional.

El embajador de Irán ante la Agencia Internacional de la Energía Atómica (AIEA), Reza Nayafi, hizo estas declaraciones el miércoles durante una reunión de la Junta de Gobernadores de la Agencia, refiriéndose así a las revelaciones del exsecertario de Estado de EE.UU. Colin Powell, quien manifestó que Israel posee 200 cabezas nucleares.

El número es evocado en uno de los miles de e-mails privados hackeados y difundidos días pasados en el que Powell discutía con un amigo la capacidad de las armas atómicas del régimen israelí.

Nayafi hincapié en que la cantidad de armas nucleares de Israel debería ser muy preocupante para la comunidad internacional, ya que este régimen se niega a adherirse al Tratado de No Proliferación (TNP) ni permite inspecciones a sus instalaciones nucleares.

También declaró que a pesar del pleno compromiso del país persa con el acuerdo nuclear alcanzado entre Teherán y las potencias mundiales, los países occidentales que son parte del pacto, conocido como el Plan Integral de Acción Conjunta (JCPOA, por sus siglas en inglés), no han cumplido con sus compromisos de forma "satisfactoria".

El Occidente no ha cumplido con parte de sus responsabilidades en el marco del Plan Integral de Acción Conjunta (JCPOA, por sus siglas en inglés), advierte un alto cargo iraní.

El JCPOA entró en vigor en enero y, como resultado, se eliminaron las sanciones antiraníes relacionadas con su programa nuclear. No obstante, Irán denuncia que aún no tiene acceso a los mercados financieros mundiales. Muchos bancos internacionales siguen absteniéndose de realizar transacciones con Irán por temor a sanciones de Estados Unidos.

El diplomático iraní, asimismo, indicó que algunos países parecen no confiar en la AIEA ya que solicitan información secreta sobre las actividades nucleares de Irán a pesar de que el organismo nuclear confirmó el compromiso de Irán con el acuerdo nuclear.

El martes, el director general de la AIEA, Yukiya Amano afirmó que "Irán sigue llevando a cabo sus compromisos en materia nuclear en el marco del Plan Integral de Acción Conjunta".

mkh/ktg/hnb


ENLACE: http://www.hispantv.com/noticias/politica/288773/iran-advierte-programa-nuclear-israel-amenaza-paz-internacional
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Re: Israel se niega a pasar por el aro de la transparencia nuclear

Mensaje por Rogersukoi27 el 3/6/2017, 3:18 pm




Ademas de no suscribirse al grupo de paises que poseen armas nucleares, Israel se ha
negado a declarar su posesion o almacenamiento de armas nucleares.
Con esta historica postura, donde revela la opcion de defenderse contra el enfrentamiento
de los 7 dias contra paises arabes involucrados en aquel conflicto, se estaria
demostrando la capacidad de lanzar bombas con ese calibre, para intimidar a los
ejercitos involucrados, permitiendo a Israel mostrar una verdadera amenaza.

Como lo que ocurrio, fue a favor de los Israelitas, se eximieron de mostrar su armamento
nuclear, y se guardo los diseños para si mismos.

No se puede tapar el Sol con un Dedo!!!!




Last Secret’ of 1967 War: Israel’s Doomsday Plan for Nuclear Display

By WILLIAM J. BROAD and DAVID E. SANGERJUNE 3, 2017


Israeli armored forces advanced against Egyptian troops at the start of the Arab-Israeli war of 1967. Credit Shabtai Tal/GPO, via Getty Images
On the eve of the Arab-Israeli war, 50 years ago this week, Israeli officials raced to assemble an atomic device and developed a plan to detonate it atop a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula as a warning to Egyptian and other Arab forces, according to an interview with a key organizer of the effort that will be published Monday.

The secret contingency plan, called a “doomsday operation” by Itzhak Yaakov, the retired brigadier general who described it in the interview, would have been invoked if Israel feared it was going to lose the 1967 conflict. The demonstration blast, Israeli officials believed, would intimidate Egypt and surrounding Arab states — Syria, Iraq and Jordan — into backing off.

Israel won the war so quickly that the atomic device was never moved to Sinai. But Mr. Yaakov’s account, which sheds new light on a clash that shaped the contours of the modern Middle East conflict, reveals Israel’s early consideration of how it might use its nuclear arsenal to preserve itself.

“It’s the last secret of the 1967 war,” said Avner Cohen, a leading scholar of Israel’s nuclear history who conducted many interviews with the retired general.



Mr. Yaakov, who oversaw weapons development for the Israeli military, detailed the plan to Dr. Cohen in 1999 and 2000, years before he died in 2013 at age 87.

“Look, it was so natural,” said Mr. Yaakov, according to a transcription of a taped interview. “You’ve got an enemy, and he says he’s going to throw you to the sea. You believe him.”

“How can you stop him?” he asked. “You scare him. If you’ve got something you can scare him with, you scare him.”

Israel has never acknowledged the existence of its nuclear arsenal, in an effort to preserve “nuclear ambiguity” and forestall periodic calls for a nuclear-free Middle East. In 2001, Mr. Yaakov was arrested, at age 75, on charges that he had imperiled the country’s security by talking about the nuclear program to an Israeli reporter, whose work was censored. At various moments, American officials, including former President Jimmy Carter long after he left office, have acknowledged the existence of the Israeli program, though they have never given details.

A spokesman for the Israeli Embassy in Washington said the Israeli government would not comment on Mr. Yaakov’s role.

If the Israeli leadership had detonated the atomic device, it would have been the first nuclear explosion used for military purposes since the United States’ attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 22 years earlier.

The plan had a precedent: The United States considered the same thing during the Manhattan Project, as the program’s scientists hotly debated whether to set off a blast near Japan in an effort to scare Emperor Hirohito into a quick surrender. The military vetoed the idea, convinced that it would not be enough to end the war.

According to Mr. Yaakov, the Israeli plan was code-named Shimshon, or Samson, after the biblical hero of immense strength. Israel’s nuclear deterrence strategy has long been called the “Samson option” because Samson brought down the roof of a Philistine temple, killing his enemies and himself. Mr. Yaakov said he feared that if Israel, as a last resort, went ahead with the demonstration nuclear blast in Egyptian territory, it could have killed him and his commando team.

Dr. Cohen, a professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey in California and the author of “Israel and the Bomb” and “The Worst-Kept Secret,” described the idea behind the atomic demonstration as giving “the prime minister an ultimate option if everything else failed.” Dr. Cohen, who was born in Israel and educated in part in the United States, has pushed the frontiers of public discourse on a fiercely hidden subject: how Israel became an unacknowledged nuclear power in the 1960s.

On Monday, the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington — where Dr. Cohen is a global fellow — is releasing on a special website a series of documents related to the atomic plan. The project maintains a digital archive of his work known as the Avner Cohen Collection. (President Trump’s proposed budget calls for the elimination of all federal funding for the center, which Congress created as a living memorial to Wilson.)

It has long been known that Israel, fearful for its existence, rushed to complete its first atomic device on the eve of the Arab-Israeli war. But the planned demonstration remained secret in a country where it is taboo to discuss even half-century-old nuclear plans, and where fears persist that Iran will eventually obtain a nuclear weapon, despite its deal with world powers.

Shimon Peres, the former Israeli president and prime minister who died last year, hinted at the plan’s existence in his memoirs. He referred to an unnamed proposal that “would have deterred the Arabs and prevented the war.”



Itzhak Yaakov
At the time of the 1967 war, the world’s main nuclear powers were observing an accord known as the Partial Test Ban Treaty. To curb radiation hazards, it prohibited all test detonations of nuclear arms except for those conducted underground. That Israel considered an open explosion was a measure of its desperation.

“The goal,” Mr. Yaakov says on the transcribed tape, “was to create a new situation on the ground, a situation which would force the great powers to intervene, or a situation which would force the Egyptians to stop and say, ‘Wait a minute, we didn’t prepare for that.’ The objective was to change the picture.”

Dr. Cohen said he struck up a relationship with Mr. Yaakov after he published “Israel and the Bomb” in 1998. He interviewed him for hours in the summer and fall of 1999 and in early 2000, always in Hebrew and mainly in Midtown Manhattan, where the former general lived.






Those interviews paint a picture of Israel’s recognition in the early 1960s that it needed a crash program to get the bomb. In 1963, Mr. Yaakov, a freshly minted colonel with engineering degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and from Technion, the Israel Institute of Technology, became the senior liaison officer between the Israel Defense Forces and the country’s civilian defense units, including the project to make an atom bomb.

As Mr. Yaakov recounted the story, in May 1967, as tensions rose with Egypt over its decision to close the Straits of Tiran between the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea, he was half a world away, visiting the RAND Corporation in California. He was suddenly summoned back to Israel. With it clear that war was imminent, Mr. Yaakov said, he initiated, drafted and promoted a plan aimed at detonating a nuclear device in the sparsely populated Eastern Sinai Desert in a display of force.

The site chosen for the proposed explosion was a mountaintop about 12 miles from an Egyptian military complex at Abu Ageila, a critical crossroads where, on June 5, Ariel Sharon commanded Israeli troops in a battle against the Egyptians. (Mr. Sharon later became prime minister, and died in 2014.)

The plan, if activated by order of the prime minister and military chief of staff, was to send a small paratrooper force to divert the Egyptian Army in the desert area so that a team could lay preparations for the atomic blast. Two large helicopters were to land, deliver the nuclear device and then create a command post in a mountain creek or canyon. If the order came to detonate, the blinding flash and mushroom cloud would have been seen throughout the Sinai and Negev Deserts, and perhaps as far away as Cairo.

It is impossible to know what the extent of any casualties might have been. That would have depended on such unknowns as the size of the weapon, the population density of the region and the direction of the wind on the day of the detonation.

Mr. Yaakov described a helicopter reconnaissance flight he made with Israel Dostrovsky, the first director general of the Israel Atomic Energy Commission, the civilian arm of the bomb program. The helicopter had to turn back after the pilots learned that Egyptian jets were taking off, perhaps to intercept them. “We got very close,” Mr. Yaakov recalled. “We saw the mountain, and we saw that there is a place to hide there, in some canyon.”

On the eve of the war, Mr. Yaakov said, he was filled with the same doubts that had gnawed at the American scientists during the Manhattan Project. Would the bomb explode? Would he survive the blast?

He never got to find out. Israel defeated three Arab armies, gained territory four times its original size and became the region’s foremost military power using conventional arms.

Nonetheless, Mr. Yaakov continued to lobby for an atomic demonstration to make clear the country’s new status as a nuclear power. But the idea went nowhere. “I still think to this day that we should have done it,” he told Dr. Cohen.

During a visit to Israel, a year after telling his story to Dr. Cohen in New York, where he had worked as a venture capitalist after having played a key role in the founding of Israel’s technology industry, Mr. Yaakov was arrested on charges of “high espionage” that carried a maximum penalty of life behind bars. The exact charges were a mystery, and he was put on a secret trial.

“We see this as a very sad story of a person who dedicates his life to the security of Israel and ends up caught in a huge story that gets blown out of proportion and jeopardizes his reputation, his career, his legacy, everything,” Jack Chen, one of his lawyers, told The New York Times at the time.

It turned out that the charges centered on his conversations with an Israeli reporter, whose account of the 1967 plan was censored by the military. Mr. Yaakov was found guilty of handing over secret information without authorization, the lesser of the charges against him. He was given a two-year suspended sentence.

The Israeli newspaper Haaretz, in its obituary of Mr. Yaakov, said he had never fully recovered from his legal ordeal and, during his final days, bitterly discussed its details with fellow retired officers.

Dr. Cohen said he and Mr. Yaakov continued to get together long after the interviews and the secret trial — for instance, in a restaurant in Tel Aviv around 2009. He said he had promised Mr. Yaakov he would find the right time and the right place to make his story public. Now, he said, on the 50th anniversary of the war — with Mr. Yaakov and so many other witnesses long dead — it seemed like the right time.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/03/world/middleeast/1967-arab-israeli-war-nuclear-warning.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=photo-spot-region®ion=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&_r=0

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    Fecha y hora actual: 15/12/2017, 11:15 pm